ESHTEMOA (ĕsh'tē-mō-a, Heb. eshte môa‘)
A city assigned to the Levites (Josh.21.14). It was located eight miles (thirteen km.) south of Hebron. This city, among others, received from David a share of the spoil of his victory over the Amalekites (1Sam.30.28). The modern name of the site is Es Semu.The son of Ishbah (1Chr.4.17).A Maacathite, a son of Hodiah (1Chr.4.19).
ESHTEMOH (ĕsh'tē-mō). A city located in the hill country of Judah (Josh.15.50). The same as Eshtemoa above.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
esh-te-mo’-a, esh’-te-mo-a (’eshtemoa`):
A Levitical city in the hill country of Judah (Jos 21:14; 1Ch 6:57); Eshtemoh (’eshtemoh, Jos 15:50). In 1ch 4:17,19, Eshtemoa is said to be a Maacathite and "son" of Ishbah. David after routing the Amalekites sent a present to his friends in (among other places) Eshtemoa (1Sa 30:28).
It is now es-Semu`a, a considerable village of evident antiquity some 8 miles South of Hebron.