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ESCHOL ĕsh’ kŏl (אֶשְׁכֹּ֔ול; LXX (1) ̓Εσχώλ, (2) Βότρυς; Vul. botrys; Luther Eskol).

1. אֶשְׁכֹּ֔ול means bunch, cluster; properly the stem or stalk of a cluster viz., (a) grapes (Isa 65:8; Mic 7:1), and (b) berries or flowers hanging in clusters like grapes, e.g., dates Song of Solomon, or flowers of the henna (1:14).

2. An Amorite, brother of Mamre and Aner, who apparently resided near Hebron (Gen 14:13). All three were allies of Abraham (c. 1955 b.c.) when Lot was rescued from Chedorlaomer (Gen 14:24).

3. The valley or wadi where the twelve spies found a cluster of grapes so huge that it required two men to carry it (Num 13:23, 24). Perhaps נַ֣חַל אֶשְׁכֹּ֗ל (valley of a cluster) can be identified with a wadi just N of Hebron. (There is a spring called Ain-Eshkali c. two m. N of Hebron.) The vineyards in this area still produce delicious grapes.