EPHRON (ē'frôn, Heb. ‘ephrôn, fawn)
A Hittite, the son of Zohar, of the children of Heth in Hebron. Abraham purchased from him, for four hundred shekels of silver, the field of Machpelah that contained a cave in which he buried his wife Sarah (Gen.23.8-Gen.23.9).A mountain on the north border of Judah, located about six miles (ten km.) NW of Jerusalem (Josh.15.9).A city taken from Jeroboam by Abijah (2Chr.13.19; kjv “Ephrain”). It is perhaps identical with Ophrah (Josh.18.23).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
The Hittite of whom Abraham bought the field and cave of Machpelah (Ge 23:8 ff; 25:9; 49:30). The transaction was conducted in true oriental fashion, with excessive courtesy; but the large sum of 400 shekels’ weight of silver was in the end required (compare 33:19; 1Ki 16:24).
See also MONEY; MONEY, CURRENT.
(1) 2Ch 13:19: "And Abijah pursued after Jeroboam, and took cities from him, Beth-el with the towns thereof, and Jeshanah with the towns thereof, and Ephron with the towns thereof." Another reading is "Ephraim" ([[Revised Version]], margin). This is thought by many to be identical with Ophrah (`ophrah, Jos 18:23) and perhaps with Ephraim (`ephrayim, 2Sa 13:23) which both have been localized at the lofty town of eT Taiyibeh.
(2) A city East of the Jordan between Carnion (Ashteroth-karnain) and Scythopolis (Beisan): "Then Judas gathered together all the Israelites that were in the country. .... Now when they came unto Ephron (this was a great city in the way as they should go, very well fortified) they could not turn from it either on the right hand or on the left, but they must needs pass through the midst of it" (1 Macc 5:45,46 the [[King James Version]]; Ant, XII, viii, 5; also 2 Macc 12:27). Buhl and Schumacher propose Kacr Wady el Ghafr, a ruined tower which completely commands the deep Wady el Ghafr, but the ruins appear to be scanty.
(3) Mt. Ephron: The border of Judah is described (Jos 15:9): "It went out to the cities of Mount Ephron." The position will depend on that of Nephtoah and of Kiriath-jearim.