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EPHAH (ē'fa, dark one)

A son of Midian in the line of Abraham through his concubine Keturah (Gen.25.4; 1Chr.1.33). Isaiah speaks poetically of the “young camel of Midian and Ephah” (Isa.60.6).A concubine of Caleb of the tribe of Judah (1Chr.2.46).A son of Jahdai of the tribe of Judah (1Chr.2.47).

EPHAH ē’ fə (עֵיפָ֤ה, LXX Γαφερ, Γεφαρ, Γαιφα(ρ, G4804), Γαιφα, Γαιφαηλ, dark one). A masculine and feminine personal name.

1. A son of Midian, related to Abraham through his concubine Keturah (Gen 25:4; 1 Chron 1:33). Isaiah speaks poetically of the young camels of Midian and Ephah (60:6). Some MSS of the LXX confuse the two sons of Midian whose names are similar (cf. Gen 25:4 and above).

2. A concubine of Caleb who bore three sons in the tribe of Judah (1 Chron 2:46).

3. A son of Jahdai in the tribe of Judah (1 Chron 2:47).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

`ephah, "darkness"; Gephar (Ge 25:4), Gaipha (Isa 60:6):

The name of three persons in the Old Testament, both masculine and feminine

(1) The son of Midian, descended from Abraham by his wife Keturah (Ge 25:4; 1Ch 1:33), mentioned again in Isa 60:6 as a transporter of gold and frankincense from Sheba, who shall thus bring enlargement to Judah and praise to Yahweh. According to Fried. Delitzsch, Schrader, and Hommel, `Ephah is an abbreviation of `Ayappa, the Kha-yappa Arabs of the time of Tiglath-pileser III and Sargon. See treatment of this view in Dillmann’s Commentary on Ge (Ge 25:4).

(2) A concubine of Caleb (1Ch 2:46).

(3) The son of Jahdai, a descendant of Judah (1Ch 2:47).

Charles B. Williams


A dry measure of about one bushel capacity. It corresponds to the bath in liquid measure and was the standard for measuring grain and similar articles since it is classed with balances and weights (Le 19:36; Am 8:5) in the injunctions regarding just dealing in trade. In Zec 5:6-10 it is used for the utensil itself.

See Weights and Measures.

See also

  • Weights and Measures