Elipandus

c.718-802. Originator and exponent of Adoptianism* in Spain. In reaction against the teaching of Migetius that Jesus was one of the divine persons of the Trinity, he drew a very sharp distinction between the eternal Son, the second person of the Trinity, and the human nature of Christ. The Logos,* eternal Son of God, had adopted the humanity-not the person-with the result that Christ became the adoptive Son. Such views were condemned by the councils of Regensburg (792), Frankfort (794), and Aix-la-Chapelle (798), and by popes Adrian I and Leo III. Elipandus was metropolitan bishop of Toledo, and though his views were decisively condemned, his position was so strong-possibly because of the Muslim presence in Spain-that he was able to retain his see until his death.