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ELIASHIB (ē-lī'a-shĭb, Heb. ’elyāshîv, God restores)

ELIASHIB, ELIASIB ĭ lī’ ə shĭb (אֶלְיָשִׁיב, LXX ̓Ελιάσιβος, or ̓Ελιασούβ, meaning God restores). Six men are listed by this name in the OT. 1. A priest chosen by David to head the eleventh of the twenty-four courses of priests who took turns serving in the sanctuary (1 Chron 24:12).

2. A high priest who gained the displeasure of Nehemiah because he made a temple storage area into special living quarters for a certain Tobiah, while Nehemiah was in the Pers. capital. Nehemiah, on his return, abolished this favoritism (Ezra 10:6; Neh 3:1, 20, 21; 13:4-9; 1 Esd 9:1).

3. A singer among the Levites during the time of Ezra (Ezra 10:24; 1 Esd 9:24). He pledged to put away his foreign wife and children when commanded to do so.

4. A son of Zattu and a layman of Ezra’s time who made the same pledge to put away his foreign wife and children (Ezra 10:27; 1 Esd 9:28).

5. A son of Bani, a layman who made the same pledge (Ezra 10:36; 1 Esd 9:34).

6. A son of Elioenai whose ancestry is traced back through Zerubbabel, Jeconiah and the royal lineage to Solomon and to David (1 Chron 3:24).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(’elyashibh, "God restores"):

(1) A descendant of David (1Ch 3:24).

(2) Head of the eleventh course of priests (1Ch 24:12).

(3) The high priest in the time of Nehemiah. He, with his brethren the priests, helped in the rebuilding of the wall (Ne 3:1). But later he was "allied unto Tobiah" the Ammonite (Ne 13:4) and allowed that enemy of Nehemiah the use of a great chamber in the temple (Ne 13:5); and one of his grandsons, a son of Joiada, married a daughter of Sanballat the Horonite and was for this expelled from the community by Nehemiah (Ne 13:28).

See Sanballat.

(4, 5, 6) Three Israelites, one a "singer," who had married foreign wives (Ezr 10:24,27,36).

(7) Father of Jehohanan (Ezr 10:6); probably identical with (3) above. Called Eliasib in 1Esdras 9:1.