ELHANAN. 1. A son of Jaare-Oregim (called also Jair), a Bethlehemite who killed Lahmi, the brother of Goliath (
2. A son of Dodo of Bethlehem and one of David’s thirty heroes (
Conjectural efforts to solve this problem are: (a) Postulate two separate giants named Goliath, one slain by David and one by Elhanan, or postulate that Goliath is a generic name for a class of giants. (b) Assume that “brother of” has fallen out of the text of Samuel. (c) Assume that Chronicles is trying to solve the problem by adding “brother.” (d) Assume with Ewald and Kennedy that a story originally dealing with Elhanan has been transfered to David whose victim previously had been anonymous. (f) Assume from a tradition preserved in Jerome (Quaest. Heb. in Libros Regnum) and the Targum that David and Elhanan are identical. It recently has been widely assumed that David rather than being a personal name is a throne name for Elhanan. Support for this contention from the occurrence of dawidum in Mari texts for a leader now has been shown to be indefensible.
2. Son of Dodo of Bethlehem, one of the thirty mighty men of David who ranked next to the three (
A. R. S. Kennedy, Samuel: The Century Bible (n.d.), 300; S. R. Driver, Notes On the Hebrew(2nd ed., 1913), 354, 355; A. M. Honeyman, JBL, 67 (1948), 23f.; V. Pákozdy, ZAW, 68 (1956), 257-259; J. J. Stamm, SVT, 7 (1959), 167ff.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
(’elchanan, "whom God gave"):
(1) A great warrior in the army of David who slew a Philistine giant. There is a discrepancy between
(2) The son of Dodo of Bethlehem, one of David’s mighty men (