DISH. A receptacle for food, generally made of baked clay or else of metal. The “chargers” (niv “silver plates”) of Num.7.1-Num.7.89 were large flat dishes of beaten silver, but most of the dishes in Scripture were pottery. Orientals ate from a central platter or dish, generally using a thin piece of bread for a spoon and handling the food quite daintily (Matt.26.23). A special courtesy consisted in picking out a good piece of meat from the central dish and handing it to a guest. See also Pottery.
. The tr. in ERV of four Heb. and two Gr. words. 1 and 2. In Exodus 25:29
; Numbers 4:7
, where the KJV, ASV have “dishes and spoons,” the RSV has “plates and dishes.” The Heb. word for “plates” is קְעָרָה
, and refers, in these passages, to a deep and large gold dish in which oblong cakes were brought to the table, or laid upon it. The word for dishes is כַּף
, and refers to the cups for frankincense, which were placed upon the loaves and burned on the altar of burnt-offering at the end of the week.
1. Jael brought Sisera curds in a “lordly bowl” (Judg 5:25, KJV “dish”), evidently a bowl of large size, one fit for a lord. The Heb. word is סֵ֫פֶל, H6210.
2. “Flat dish” (צַלַּ֫חַת, H7505) is used metaphorically in 2 Kings 21:13.
3. The “dish” (τρύβλιον, G5581) into which Jesus and the apostles dipped the sop at the Last Supper (Matt 26:23; Mark 14:20) was really a large bowl, made either of earthenware or bronze.
4. When Jesus said in Luke 11:39 that the Pharisees cleansed the outside of the cup and of the dish (πίναξ, G4402), He had in mind a shallow dish. In four other occurrences of the Gr. word in the NT the RSV trs. it “platter” (Matt 14:8, 11; Mark 6:25, 28).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)