CUCUMBER (מִקְשָׁה, H5252, קִשֻּׁאָה, H7991). In
Cucumbers were grown and were eaten raw as a salad. The market gardeners would have a roughly built shelter on their cucumber acreage so that a farm laborer could be “on guard” to prevent stealing. Hence, the lodge (Heb. melûnâ) in
Cucumbers grow well where there is water. Hence, in Pal. they are found near Lake Gennesaret, and S of Bethsaida.
Together with melons, cucumbers were much grown in Egypt with Nile water irrigation. The Israelites obviously ate and liked the cucumbers, and moaned when they could not have them in the Wilderness (
The main cucumber grown was similar to the one seen today, Cucumis sativus. This has been known since early Biblical days. It was food for the poor, i.e. bread and cucumber.
There is, however, a hairy cucumber found growing in the market gardens near Cairo, called Cucumis chate. This is more of a melon, though given the name, “The King of Cucumbers.” See Food; Agriculture.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
One of the articles of food for which Israel in the wilderness looked back with longing to Egypt (
A "garden of cucumbers" or more literally a "place of cucumbers" (miqshdh), is mentioned in