Crates

CRATES krā’ tez (Κράτης), commander of the Cyprian troops who were supporting Sostratus, the commandant of the citadel in Jerusalem during the time of Antiochus Epiphanes. Crates was left in charge of the citadel when King Ptolemy VI Philometor summoned Sostratus and Menelaus to Antioch for failing to pay the king for the priesthood which the latter had obtained (2 Macc. 4:29).

Bibliography

II Maccabees in the Jerusalem Bible (1966).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

(Krates), governor of the Cyprians, left as deputy of Sostratus when the latter, who was governor of Jerusalem, was summoned to Antioch by nodetitle, in consequence of a dispute with Menelaus (2 Macc 4:29). As Cyprus was not at the time in the possession of Antiochus, the words have been generally taken to mean Krates "who had formerly been, or afterward was, governor of the Cyprians." The Vulgate (Jerome’s Latin Bible, 390-405 A. D.) translates the Greek into "Sostratus autem praelatus est Cypriis."