Leonhard von Eck as Bavarian chancellor shrewdly opposed the national council at Speyer. In the presence of papal legate Compeggio, Eck saw that the Regensberg Union was organized in June 1524 to enforce the Edict of Worms. Archduke Ferdinand, the two dukes of Bavaria, the cardinal-archbishop of Salzburg, and eleven bishops of S Germany endorsed the Union to stamp out heresy. N Germany formed a similar league in 1524 with Duke George of Saxony and Archbishop Albert of Mainz. This League of Dessau led to a similar 1525 Protestant League of Torgau under Elector John of Saxony and the Landgrave.