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Constantine Oikonomos

1780-1857. Greek scholar and theologian. A keen patriot, he was active in politics as well as ecclesiastical affairs, and strongly opposed Western influences in Greek life which had assumed increasing importance in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He wrote works on philology and the history of literature, but his most notable achievement was a massive four-volume study of the Septuagint in over 3,700 pages, published in Athens, 1844-49, entitled Peri tomn ho hermemneutomn. He believed the Septuagint text was canonical and inspired rather than the Massoretic text, an idea rarely held. Even so, it contained much useful information, e.g., concerning the difference in chronology between the Greek and Hebrew texts.