See also Confirm
CONFIRM, CONFIRMATION. In the OT seven Heb., and in the NT four Gr., verbs are used meaning “to confirm.” Their exact meanings vary somewhat, but all basically mean to strengthen, establish, or ratify, a person, a statute, a promise or a covenant. The only word used for “confirmation” is βεβαίωσις, G1012, which occurs twice in the NT (
In some communions the word “confirmation” is used to refer to the ecclesiastical rite of the laying on of hands by a bishop or other church officer at baptism, or at a later confirmatory ceremony. This practice is copied from
Bibliography A. C. A. Hall, Confirmation (1900); G. W. H. Lampe, The Seal of the Spirit (1951); L. S. Thornton, Confirmation: Its Place in the Baptismal Mystery (1954); F. L. Cross, ed., “Confirmation,” ODCC (1957).