CONFIRM, CONFIRMATION. In the OT seven Heb., and in the NT four Gr., verbs are used meaning “to confirm.” Their exact meanings vary somewhat, but all basically mean to strengthen, establish, or ratify, a person, a statute, a promise or a covenant. The only word used for “confirmation” is βεβαίωσις, G1012, which occurs twice in the NT (
In some communions the word “confirmation” is used to refer to the ecclesiastical rite of the laying on of hands by a bishop or other church officer at baptism, or at a later confirmatory ceremony. This practice is copied from
A. C. A. Hall, Confirmation (1900); G. W. H. Lampe, The Seal of the Spirit (1951); L. S. Thornton, Confirmation: Its Place in the Baptismal Mystery (1954); F. L. Cross, ed., “Confirmation,” ODCC (1957).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
See Laying on of Hands.