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Codex Sinaiticus (Aleph)
See also Codex Sinaiticus
CODEX SINAITICUS (Aleph). A MS of the whole Bible formerly at Sinai, then at St. Petersburg, was bought for the British nation in 1934. It now contains parts of Genesis, Numbers, 1 Chronicles, 2 Esdras, the poetical books, Esther, Tobit, Judith, the prophets apart from Hosea, Amos, Micah, Ezekiel, Daniel, 1 and 4 Maccabees, the whole NT, the, and a large part of the “ .” Its discovery by Tischendorf, apparently in a wastebasket, has often been romantically rehearsed. Recently found letters have shown, however, that an element of the unscrupulous entered into its removal to Russia. It may be dated in the 4th cent. on paleographical grounds and by the presence of the Eusebian apparatus, a system of finding the correlations of the Synoptics, devised by Eusebius in the early part of the cent.
Its place of origin is also a little difficult to ascertain. Two curious errors in the NT may point to Caesarea: “antipatrida” (
The textual value of the codex is high, but its affinities vary from book to book. It often agrees with B in the OT, sometimes giving a Hexaplaric text, sometimes a pre-Hexaplaric. In the Synoptic gospels, it is a close ally of the Codex B; but in theit agrees with D against its former ally. In the Acts and epistles it is again in harmony with B and other witnesses to its text. In Revelation (where B is no longer extant) it is the ally of the and the quotations of Origen, giving a text which does not command the assent of present-day scholars. The correctors in both Testaments have a different affiliation.
Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus, reproduced in facsimile from photographs, 2 vols. (1911, 1922); H. J. Milne, T. C. Skeat, Scribes and Correctors of the Codex Sinaiticus (1938).