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COAT (כֻּתֹּ֫נֶת, H4189; LXX and NT χιτών, G5945; Vul. tunica; Luther Rock; KJV coat). Tunic, shirt, undergarment.

Slaves, laborers, and prisoners wore a more abbreviated style tunic (sometimes only to their knees and without sleeves) as appears on the Behistun Rock.

In the Assyrian relief depicting the siege and capture of Lachish by Sennacherib (701 b.c.) there are Jewish captives (male and female) wearing long, dress-like tunics which reach almost to the ankles. These garments are moderately tight and fit close to the neck (cf. Job 30:18). They are pure white and have short sleeves reaching half-way to the elbow; they are without decoration and are not held in place by a girdle. These Hebrews, however, were prisoners of war and they had prob. been stripped of all but their essential clothing.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)


See Cloak; Dress, etc.

See also

  • Dress