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CLEOPAS (klē'ō-păs). One of the two disciples to whom the Lord appeared on the afternoon of the resurrection day. They walked with him on the road from Jerusalem to Emmaus, about seven miles (twelve km.) away (Luke.24.18). Nothing more is known about him. He is not to be confused with the Clopas (Cleophas, kjv) mentioned in John.19.25, although some church fathers assumed that the two were identical.

CLEOPAS kle’ ə pəs (Κλεοπα̂ς, G3093, a short form of Κλεοπατρος, meaning uncertain). Cleopas was one of the two disciples whom Jesus joined on the road to Emmaus during the afternoon of the day of His Resurrection (Luke 24:13-32). The other disciple is not named. Tradition gives the name Simon to Cleopas’ companion and includes both among the seventy whom Jesus sent out on a misison (Luke 10:1-24). They conversed with Jesus on the way to Emmaus regarding what had happened during the past few days and the report of the women who had visited the tomb that morning. Jesus explained to them the prophecies of the OT concerning His death and Resurrection. When they arrived at Emmaus, they invited Jesus to spend the night with them. It was only when Jesus took the bread and gave thanks that they recognized Him.

Some of the Church Fathers identified Cleopas with Clopas mentioned in John 19:25. Although Cleopas may be the Gr. form of the Heb. or Aram. name Clopas, there is no Biblical evidence that the two persons were the same.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

One of the two disciples whom Jesus met on the way to Emmaus (Lu 24:18). The name is a contraction of Cleopatros, not identical with Clopas of Joh 19:25.