1264-1314. Pope from 1305. Born Bertrand de Got (or Gouth) into an influential French family, he studied at Toulouse, Orléans, and Bologna. He was appointed bishop of Cominges in 1295, and archbishop of Bordeaux in 1299. A Roman conclave met in 1304 after the short reign of (1303- 4) to select a new pope; after eleven months (during which envoys from France attended) Bertrand was proclaimed Pope Clement V. Being under the influence of Philip the Fair of France, who seemed able to exploit the weaknesses of the new pope, Clement was crowned at Lyons and in 1309 finally installed himself and his Curia at Avignon. Thus began the seventy years of the “ ” of the papacy.
To serve his own personal interests, Philip IV made two major demands of Clement. The first was to have
Despite his political problems, which related to England and Scotland as well as France and the