1766-1815. Anglican chaplain in India. Born at Cambuslang, Scotland, he was educated at Glasgow and Cambridge universities, was ordained in the in 1796, then went to India. He was chaplain at Barrackpur for two years before becoming chaplain in Calcutta and vice-principal of Fort William College which had been established by Lord Wellesley. At Cambridge Buchanan had come under evangelical influence from * and his circle, and though his official connection with the East India Company prevented his ministering to the natives, he encouraged Scripture translation and native education. He wrote Christian Researches in India (1811), and on his return to England he helped to establish the first Indian bishopric.