Cimabue

c.1240-c.1300. Florentine painter. Little is known of his life, but his fame is attested by Dante in Divine Comedy (Purgatory 11:94). His style is heavily influenced by the Palaeologan painters of Byzantium. He used also the methods of the Western painters of the Florentine Duecento such as Coppo di Marcovaldo and the Florence Baptistry mosaicists. The works of Cimabue include “The Madonna Enthroned With Angels,” and frescoes in the lower and upper churches of San Francisco in Assisi. His painting of the Crucifixion is very impressive with its huge sagging body of Christ, weeping angels, and despairing mourners. Because of his creativity and expressiveness, Cimabue has been considered the first outstanding Western painter.