Catherine Winkworth

1829-1878. Translator of hymns. She lived near Manchester, England, until 1862, when she moved to Clifton. She was a pioneer in women's higher education, a founder of Clifton High School, and she prepared the ground for the establishment of the University College at Bristol. In 1853 she first met C.C.J. von Bunsen,* whose Gesang- und Gebetbuch (1833) she drew upon for her translations of German hymns. Over 300 were published in her Lyra Germanica (2 series, 1855-58) and The Chorale Book for England (1863; new ed., 1865), the latter having as music editors W.S. Bennett and O. Goldschmidt. In her biographical Christian Singers of Germany (1869) she included more than 100 translations, some having previously appeared. Among her many fine translations are those from Gerhardt,* Heermann,* Neander,* Nicolai,* Rinckart,* and Scheffler.*