The other primary example of the use of carving relates to the Solomonic Temple (q.v.), where the wood paneling of the walls, the stone work and the doors were decorated with carving of kerûḅîm, palm trees and lily-like patterns (1 Kings 6:18, etc.). The huge figures of the kerûḅîm in the debîr of the Temple were carved from wood and gilded (1 Kings 6:23; 2 Chron 3:11). Considerable engraving work was also done on the laver stands (1 Kings 7:31, 36). See Graven Image.


G. Perrot and Ch. Chipiez, A History of Art in Chaldea and Assyria (1884); J. W. and G. M. Crowfoot, Early Ivories from Samaria (1938); S. Lloyd, Art of the Ancient Near East (1961).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

James A. Patch