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Caesarea Philippi

CAESAREA PHILIPPI (sĕs'a-rē'a fĭ-lĭp'ī, Caesarea of Philip). A town at the extreme northern boundary of Palestine, about thirty miles (fifty km.) inland from Tyre and fifty miles (eighty-three km.) SW of Damascus. It lies in the beautiful hill country on the southern slopes of Mount Hermon and was probably near the scene of Jesus' transfiguration (cf. Matt.16.13-Matt.17.8; Mark.8.27-Mark.9.8). The town was very ancient, being perhaps the Baal Gad of Josh.12.7; Josh.13.5, and for centuries it was a center of worship of the heathen god “Pan,” whence it was known as “Paneas” and whence the modern name Banias (because there is no “p” in the Arabic alphabet). [[Augustus Caesar]] presented it, with the surrounding country, to Herod the Great, who built a temple there in honor of the emperor. Herod’s son, Philip the Tetrarch, enlarged the town and named it [[Caesarea Philippi]] to distinguish it from the other Caesarea. It lies at the easternmost of the four sources of the Jordan, and nearby