Free Online Bible Library | Butler or Cupbearer

We also have classes for: provides a comprehensive biblical education from world-class professors
to encourage spiritual growth in the church, for free.

Would you do us the favor of answering this two question poll so we can know how to serve you better? You will also be given the opportunity to join our team tasked with how to make better. Thank you.  --Bill Mounce


Butler or Cupbearer

BUTLER or CUPBEARER. These two Eng. terms are one in Heb., מַשְׁקֶה, H5482. The term butler is used in the Joseph story, but cupbearer is used of Solomon’s officials, and is the term in Nehemiah’s writings. In Genesis 40:2 it is the chief butler of Pharaoh and in Genesis 40:21 it is said that this chief butler actually put the cup into Pharaoh’s hand. The literal meaning of the Heb. is “one who gives another a drink.” These Egyp. cupbearers seem to have been of various rating and some were of high political power. The tomb paintings of Egypt show these officials at work.

Under Solomon this office of cupbearer was very important, for the cupbearers highly impressed the Queen of Sheba (1 Kings 10:5). Nehemiah speaks of himself as cupbearer to King Artaxerxes and Nehemiah “took up the wine and gave it to the king” (Neh 1:11; 2:1). After this the king had a serious conversation involving new political action. Therefore that office of cupbearer was a highly influential one. The international nature of the Pers. court is seen in this high elevation of a member who came from even a small conquered nation.

Biblical Training

The BiblicalTraining app gives you access to 2,300 hours of instruction (129 classes and seminars). Stream the classes, or download and listen to them offline. Share classes via social media, email, and more.