Boniface V

d.625. Pope from 619. A Neapolitan, he was noted for his organizing ability and for his concern to spread Christianity in England, especially in Northumbria. In Rome he endeavored to conform ecclesiastical usage to civil law in the matter of bequests, established the principle of asylum, and issued laws concerning the liturgical functions of various orders of clerics. He wrote letters to Mellitus and Justin, archbishops of Canterbury, sending Justin the pallium as a symbol of honor and jurisdiction. He also wrote to Edwin, king of Northumbria, and to his Christian queen, Aethelberga, thus supporting the work of Paulinus of York* for the conversion of Northumbria. During the time of Boniface and his successors, the three ancient patriarchates of Jerusalem, Antioch, and Alexandria capitulated to the rule of Islam.