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Blood

Old Testament In the Old Testament the word דָּם, H1947, occurs 362 times of which 203 point to death by violence and 103 to sacrificial blood. While the word was thus associated closely with [[death]], there were times when the Old Testament specifically related it to life (Gen 9:4; Deut 12:23). The most direct statement of this kind (Lev 17:11) spoke of the life of the flesh being in the blood, and of [[atonement]] being achieved by blood “by reason of the life.” This variation raises the question as to whether the use of “blood” points basically to life or to death. Some authorities have thought of life as somehow inherent in the blood, so that when an animal was sacrificed, its life remained in the blood. The offering of the blood in the ceremonial rites would then indicate that a pure life was being surrendered to God. According to this view the death of the victim would have little significance, although some have understood it as pointing to the penal consequences of sin. In