BILHAN (bĭl'hăn, foolish)
A son of Ezer, son of Seir the Horite (
BILHAN bĭl’ hăn (בִּלְהָ֥ן). 1. The first son of the Horite clan chief Ezer; he became the progenitor of a subclan in Edom (
2. A Benjamite, son of Jediael; the father of seven sons who became the heads of houses in their tribes (
(bilhan; Balaan) :
(1) A Horite chief, son of Ezer (
(2) A descendant of Benjamin, son of Jediael, father of seven sons who were heads of houses in their tribes (
BILL, BOND, etc.
(1) In the parable of the Unjust Steward (
(2) A question much discussed is, Was "the bond" (the Revised Version (British and American)) merely an acknowledgment of debt, or was it an obligation to pay a fixed annual rental from the produce of a farm? Edersheim, for instance, holds the former view, Lightfoot the latter. That the obligation is stated in the parable in kind--wheat and oil--and not in money-- seems to bear against the simple debt theory. Edersheim sets down the remissions spoken of as authorized by the steward as amounting in money value to only about 5 British pounds and 25 British pounds respectively, and thinks they represented not a single but an annual payment (compare Kennedy, 1-vol HDB, and Fraser, DCG, article "Bill").
(3) Still another question has arisen: Was the old "bond" simply altered, or was a new one substituted for it? Here again Lightfoot and Edersheim are in the controversy and on opposite sides. The alteration of the old bond is suggested though not demanded by the language here, and, moreover, would be, Edersheim thinks, in accordance with the probabilities of the case. Such bonds were usually written, not on vellum or papyrus, but on wax-covered tablets, and so could be easily erased or altered by the stylus with its fiat, thick "eraser" (mocheq).
(4) It is probably safe to conclude:
(a) that the "bill" or "bond" had to be written and signed by the person assuming the obligation;
(b) that it was the only formal or legal evidence of the debt incurred; and
(c) that the supervision of the whole transaction belonged of right to "the steward." Should "the steward" conspire with the debtor against the master, the latter, it would appear, would have no check against the fraud.
Lightfoot, Hor. Hebrew, edition L. and T., II, 268-73; Edersheim, Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, II, 272 ff; crit. commentary in the place cited.