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Bernardino Ochino

1487-1564. Italian Reformer. From Siena, he entered the Franciscan Observants (c.1504) and later, desiring a yet stricter rule, the Capuchins* (1534), of whom he was elected vicar-general (1538-42). A popular penitential preacher, in 1536 he met Juan de Valdés* and his circle. He became convinced that ecclesiastical mediation could not gain salvation for man. Thus there arose a conflict between his convictions and his vocation which climaxed when he criticized the Inquisition* in a sermon at Venice (1542). Summoned to Rome, he escaped to Geneva where he was cordially received by Calvin. Licensed to preach, he ministered to the Italians of Geneva, 1542- 45, and published several works including his Apologhi.