Bered

BERED (bē'rĕd, Heb. beredh, to be cold). Between Kadesh and Bered was the well-known well of Beer Lahai Roi (Gen.16.14). The various Targums render Bered as Shur, thus placing it in the vicinity of Kadesh-Barnea. That Bered is to be located in the region of the Negev cannot be doubted. It was called Elusa by Ptolemy. It formed a connecting link between Palestine, Kadesh, and Sinai.


BERED bĭr’ ĕd (בָּֽרֶד). 1. An unknown place in the Negeb, a little beyond Beer-lahai-roi, mentioned in the story of the angel of the Lord appearing to Hagar (Gen 16:14).

2. A son of Ephraim (1 Chron 7:20), called Becher in Numbers 26:35.

BERED bĭr’ əd (בָּֽרֶד, meaning not certain). A place in the Negeb on the way to Shur, mentioned with Kadesh (Gen 16:14) where Hagar stopped with her son Ishmael when they were met by the angel of the Lord at the well Beerlahai-roi. George Adam Smith (HGHL, p. 192, n. 10) notes that the Targum Ps. Jonathan has Halusa for Bered, which is Khirbet Khalasah, thirteen m. S of Beersheba. This seems to be the best estimate to date of the location of this site on the road to Egypt used by Abraham (Gen 13:1) and Jacob’s wagons as they went to Egypt (46:1, 5f.) as well as this fleeing Egyp. slave girl.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

The son of Shuthelah of the house of Ephraim (1Ch 7:20). Compare BECHER.


A place in the Negeb mentioned in the story of Hagar (Ge 16:14). The well Beer-lahai-roi was "between Kadesh and Bered." The Onkelos Targum renders it Chaghra’, which is the usual equivalent of Shur, while the Jerusalem Targum renders it Chalutsah, which is also Shur (Ex 15:22). Chalutsah is clearly the city of Elusu mentioned by Ptolemy and from the 4th to the 7th centuries by various ecclesiastical writers. It was an important town on the road from Palestine to Kadesh and Mount Sinai. This is without doubt the very large and important ruin Kh. Khalasa, some 70 miles South of Jerusalem on the road from Beersheba and Rehoboth. "These ruins cover an area of 15 to 20 acres, throughout which the foundations and enclosures of houses are distinctly to be traced. .... We judged that here there must have been a city with room enough for a population of 15,000 to 20,000 souls" (Robinson, BR, I, 201).