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Bells

A metallic structure assuming the campaniform shape; to be distinguished in musical history from the gong, cymbal, struck tube, or bar. In the East, the bell appears as early as 2500 b.c. Biblical reference may not always meet the campaniform structure (cf. Exod. 28:33-35; Zech. 14:20). Josephus writes that King Solomon used large bells on the roofs of his dwellings to keep the birds away. Ecclesiastically, the first Christian writer to speak of bells in any significant way is [[Gregory of Tours]] about 585. Paulinus, bishop of Nola in Campania about 420, has traditionally been given credit for introducing the bell; however, the historicity of these accounts is debatable and may be an attempt to justify the two Latin words used to denote bells-campana and nola. The famous bell of St. Patrick in Dublin dating from the sixth century still survives, and since the seventh century there is evidence of widespread use of bells in England and the Continent. About the eighth century, the custom