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Beast

In NT the RSV accords more closely with the Gr. ζω̂ον, which KJV renders “beast” throughout, is tr. “animal” in Hebrews 13:11, etc., and “living creature” in Revelation 4ff., which is helpful. Both KJV and RSV retain the tr. “beast” for κτη̂νος, G3229, (beast of burden) and θηρίον, G2563, (wild beast); RSV thus makes a clear distinction between the four living creatures on the one hand, and the beast of Revelation 11:7 and all literal passages on the other. The biological aspect of the word creature should be discussed briefly, for RSV uses it in literal contexts much more widely than earlier VSS. In KJV it is found sparingly in OT. Heb. H5883, נֶ֫פֶשׁ (most frequently tr. “soul”) is tr. “living creature” nine times and “creature” once (Gen and Lev). In all cases the use is lit. Heb. חַיָּה, H2651, (basic meaning “living,” but variously tr. in many passages, usually lit.) is fifteen times tr. “living creature” in Ezekiel in a wholly fig. sense. RSV tr. as above but also at least t