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Bar-jonah

[[Simon Peter]]’s patronymic (Mt 16:17). Bar is Aramaic for "son" (compare Bar-timaeus, Bartholomew, etc.), and corresponds to Hebrew ben. Thus we are to understand that Peter’s father’s name was Jonah. But in Joh 1:42; 21:15-17, according to the best reading, his name is given as John (so the [[Revised Version]] (British and American), instead of the [[King James Version]] Jona, Jonas). There are two hypotheses to account for this difference: (1) Ionas (Jonah) in Mt 16:17 may be simply a contraction of Ioanes (John); (2) Peter’s father may have been known by two names, Jonah and John. D. Miall Edwards