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AZAREL, AZAREEL (ăz'âr-ĕl, a-zā'rē-ĕl, Heb. ‘ăzar’ēl, God is helper)

A Levite who entered the army of David at Ziklag (1Chr.12.6).A musician in the temple in David’s time (1Chr.25.18).A captain in the service of David (1Chr.27.22).A man Ezra persuaded to divorce his foreign wife (Ezra.10.41).A priest who lived in Jerusalem after the Exile (Neh.11.13).A musician who played in the procession when Jerusalem’s new wall was dedicated (Neh.12.36).

AZAREL ăz’ ə rĕl (עֲזַרְאֵ֡ל, LXX Οζριεηλ, Εζριηλ; KJV AZAREEL or AZAREAL, Neh 12:36; ESRIL, 1 Esd 9:34; God has helped). Frequently the theophoric elements “yah” and “el” in Heb. names are interchanged, so the name is the same as Azariah. 1. A Korahite soldier who followed David at Ziglag (1 Chron 12:6).

2. Son of Heman, a musician chosen by lot to minister in sanctuary during David’s reign (1 Chron 25:18), also called Uzziel in v. 4 (cf. Azariah also called Uzziah).

3. Son of Jehoram, one of the leaders of the Danites in the days of David (1 Chron 27:22).

4. A son of Binnui (Heb. reads Bani and Bannui, but prob. should emend to read “and from the sons of Binnui”) who married foreign wives (Ezra 10:41; 1 Esd 9:34; KJV ESRIL, ASV, EZRIL).

5. The father of Amashsai, a priest of the family of Immer who came to live in Jerusalem after the Exile (Neh 11:13).

6. A priest who blew the trumpet in procession when wall of Jerusalem was dedicated (Neh 12:36), perhaps identical with # 5.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)

`azarel, ("God is helper"; the King James Version reads Azareel in numbers 1-5, Azarael in numbers 6):

(1) A Korahite who entered the army of David at Ziklag (1Ch 12:6).

(2) A musician in the temple appointed by lot; son of Heman (1Ch 25:18; compare Uzziel, 1Ch 25:4).

(3) A captain of the tribe of Da in the service of David (1Ch 27:22).

(4) One of those who had "strange wives," a son of Bani (Ezr 10:41).

(5) The father of Amashai, a priest who dwelt in Jerusalem after the Exile (Ne 11:13).

(6) A priest’s son who played the trumpet in the procession when the wall was dedicated (Ne 12:36).