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Australia

The white population of Australia, from the first settlement in 1788 to the end of World War II in 1945, was almost entirely of British origin. The [[Church of England]], which is in process of changing its name to the Anglican Church of Australia, was the predominant religious force throughout this period. It was, until the 1850s, a distant branch of the “established” church in England, but from the 1860s adopted a synodical form of government. The first synod of the diocese of Sydney was held in 1866. It continued, however, to import its bishops from England; the first Australian-born archbishop, Marcus Lawrence Loane, was elected to Sydney in 1966.