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Astonishment

ASTONISHMENT. (תִּמָּהוֹן, H9451, meaning confusion of mind, bewilderment, panic; שָׁמֵם, H9037, meaning to be appalled, desolate; שַׁמָּה, H9014, meaning horror, waste, or an object of horror; ἔκ-στασις, meaning displacement, confusion of mind; any casting down of a thing from its proper place or state; a throwing of the mind out of its normal state; alienation of the mind). Amazement, meaning mental stupefaction, bewilderment, consternation (Mark 5:42b). General use of the term indicates “to strike with sudden fear or wonder; amaze,” or “an object causing such an emotion.” Emotional properties attend this condition in varying combination of excitation (impression, an over-whelming sense, stimulation), fear (awe-inspiring, perturbation), and surprise (marvel, sensation, unexpected, wonder).