ARPACHSHAD är păk’ shăd (אַרְפַּכְשַׁ֖ד; NT ARPHAXAD är făk’ săd). One of the sons of Shem (
Many suggestions have been made concerning the nation of which he was the progenitor. The terminal letters (ksd) suggest to some the Kasdim or Chaldeans. Others identify the name with Arraphka in Assyria.
The first suggestion has merit since Assyria is already represented in the table of nations in the person of Asshur (