This term relates to those NT books over which there was some dispute within the Christian Church during the first four centuries. It was used by Eusebius* in his classification of Christian books to distinguish certain books from those admitted by all, which he called the homologoumena. Among the Antilegomena he placed James, Jude, 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John of the canonical books, together with others which were revered but not included in the NT canon. Among these latter he included the, the , the , the , and the Didache, all of which attained only a local significance, mainly in Egypt. The Antilegomena were sharply distinguished by Eusebius from spurious works which were emphatically rejected.
ANTILEGOMENA (ἀντιλεγόμενα). In the history of the NT Canon, this is a term used to describe books which were disputed in the first few centuries of the Church. Eusebius used it of two distinct groups: (1) those books well-known and recognized as canonical by most, of which he names James, Jude, 2 Peter, 2 and 3 John; and (2) those which he considered spurious, such as the , , , Barnabas, and the Didaché. The former group were later fully accepted by all as Scripture. (See Euseb. Hist. III. 25.)