(Lat. annatae from annus, “year”). The first year's revenue of an ecclesiastical benefice paid to the pope. Originating in a bishop's right to the first year's profits of the living from a newly inducted incumbent, first mentioned in the thirteenth century, popes under financial stress later claimed the privilege for themselves, temporarily at first. Thus Clement V in 1305 claimed them from all vacant benefices in England, and John XXII in 1319 from all Christendom. Protests became frequent, e.g., from England at the Council of Lyons in 1245.