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Annas

ANNAS (ăn'as, Gr. for Hanan, contraction for Hananiah, merciful, gracious; called “Ananos” by Josephus). In his thirty-seventh year (c. a.d. 6), he was appointed high priest by Quirinius, governor of Syria. He was deposed c. a.d. 15 by Valerius Gratus, governor of Judea. His five sons became high priests, and he was father-in-law of Caiaphas (John.18.13). He and Caiaphas are described as the high priests when [[John the Baptist]] began his public ministry (Luke.3.2), perhaps because as family head Annas was the most influential priest and still bore the title. Therefore when Jesus was arrested, he was led first to Annas (John.18.13), and only later was sent bound to Caiaphas (John.18.24). Similarly, Annas is called the high priest in Acts.4.6 when Peter and John were arrested, although Caiaphas was probably the actual high priest.