ANISE (ἄνηθον, G464, Matt 23:23). Some think the plant is Pimpinella anisum, an aniseed-flavored herb. The Gr. word anēthon, however, undoubtedly makes it dill (Anethum graveolins) See Dill. The liquid made from the leaves soothes babies. It grows wild in Israel. Its seeds and dried leaves were subject to tithe.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1915)
an’-is, or dil; (RVm, anethon): Not the true anise, Pimpinella anisum, as was supposed by the King James Version translators, but Dill, Anethum graveolens. This is an annual or biennial herb of NO Umbelliferae, growing from one to three feet high, with small yellow flowers and brownish, flattened, oval fruits 1/5 inch long. It grows wild in lands bordering on the Mediterranean. The seeds have an aromatic flavor and are used as condiment in cooking, as carminative in medicine. "Dill water" is a favorite domestic remedy. Jesus said (Mt 23:23): "Woe unto you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye tithe mint and anise and cummin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law," etc. In the tract, Ma`aseroth (4 5) it is mentioned that this plant (Hebrew shabhath), its stem, leaves and seed, was subject to tithe. See Cut.