Free Online Bible Library | Andover Controversy

We also have classes for: provides a comprehensive biblical education from world-class professors
to encourage spiritual growth in the church, for free.

Would you do us the favor of answering this two question poll so we can know how to serve you better? You will also be given the opportunity to join our team tasked with how to make better. Thank you.  --Bill Mounce


Andover Controversy

The debate over the doctrine of “future probation” involving the faculty of Andover Theological Seminary from about 1886 until 1893. The seminary had been established by New England Congregationalists in 1808 to counter the Unitarian tendencies of Harvard. Attempting to preserve Andover's orthodoxy, the founders required faculty subscription to the Andover Creed, summarizing Edwardsean theology restated by Samuel Hopkins.* After the Civil War, however, faculty members joined other New England progressives in restating their faith along the lines of the liberal emphasis upon the immanence of God, emerging biblical criticism, and the doctrine of progress. Future probation developed when the Andover men applied the “new theology” to missions. In a series of articles in the Andover Review, E.C. Smyth and colleagues argued that heathen who die without knowledge of the Gospel will have an opportunity in the future life either to accept or to reject the Gospel before facing final judgment. In 1887 Smyth was deprived of his chair, but in 1891 his dismissal was voided by the Supreme Court of Massachusetts.

Biblical Training

The BiblicalTraining app gives you access to 2,300 hours of instruction (129 classes and seminars). Stream the classes, or download and listen to them offline. Share classes via social media, email, and more.