MODERN ankara. Capital of the Roman province of Galatia, prominent ecclesiastically from the second century, and scene of important councils:
(1) In 314, after the Great Persecution, a synod of between twelve and eighteen bishops widely representative of Syria and Asia Minor promulgated canons apportioning penalties to the different categories of the lapsed, and regulating sundry ecclesiastical cases, mainly clerical, and standard penitential discipline. Canon 13 seems to allow presbyters to ordain, an interpretation perhaps unknown to antiquity. These canons have special significance in the elaboration of canonical penance, and as the earliest canons of a provincial synod included in the universal code of canons. The council which met at Nicea in 325 was originally planned for Ancyra. Constantine changed its venue.
(2) In 358
(3) An Arian synod in 375 deposed several bishops, including, who had earlier convened synods at Ancyra to support the endeavors of his brother Basil.