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Anabaptists

These groups, variously called the radicals or left wing of the Reformation, agreed in denouncing the baptism of infants. They held that only those who were old enough to understand the meaning of faith and repentance should be baptized. The majority of Christians regarded the baptism of infants as a most important Christian ordinance and as initiation into a state church. Generally the Anabaptists showed a deep moral earnestness, insisting on the primacy of Scripture and the separation of church and state. Some were millennialists, and others were pacifists and distrusted the state. They believed in a pure believers' church and strict church discipline.