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Alexander Campbell

1788-1866. One of the founders of the [[Disciples of Christ]] and the [[Churches of Christ]].* Son of [[Thomas Campbell]],* he attended Glasgow University, then emigrated to Pennsylvania, joined his father's Christian association, and was ordained to the ministry (1812). Alexander was very interested in unity among Christians, and he spread his theological views in a series of preaching tours in Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, West Virginia, and Tennessee. Despite his emphasis on Christian unity, several congregations divided from the Baptist church because of his teaching, and these were united into the Disciples of Christ (1832, nicknamed “Campbellites”). While advocating a return to the simpler theology of the early church, he was opposed to both speculative theology and emotional revivalism. Campbell's desire for an educated clergy led to the founding of Bethany College, West Virginia (1840), which he directed until his death. He engaged in numerous debates on religious topics with such