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Aelred) (1109-1167. Abbot of Rievaulx in England. He was born at Hexham, son of a priest at the abbey there. He spent his youth at the court of King David of Scotland who wished to make him a bishop. Ailred preferred the monastic life and entered the Cistercian house at Rievaulx in Yorkshire in 1131. He became master of the novices and in 1143 was appointed abbot of Revesby in Lincolnshire. In 1147 he was recalled to Rievaulx to become abbot. He was present at the canonization of Edward the Confessor* in Westminster Abbey and later wrote on his life and miracles. Ailred made various evangelistic journeys, including one among the Picts of Galloway in 1164. He wrote a prose eulogy of Cuthbert,* and a number of treatises on the Christian faith and life from a mystical viewpoint. He came to be known as “the English St. Bernard.”