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Adoptianism

The view that Jesus was a man of blameless life who became the adoptive [[Son of God]]. In the early centuries some maintained that the divine Spirit descended upon Jesus-a man of perfect virtue, sometimes granted to have been born of a virgin-at His baptism, and that He was deified after His resurrection. A form of Adoptianist theology was expounded by Dynamic Monarchians, e.g., Theodotus and [[Paul of Samosata]]. The Antiochene* School, particularly [[Theodore of Mopsuestia]] and Nestorius, expressed themselves in ways which appear Adoptianist, though their language is insufficiently precise to make this certain. Adoptianism was canvassed in Spain during the eighth century, possibly due to the influence of Latin translations of works of Theodore of Mopsuestia. Alcuin attributed it to the influence of Nestorian writings, and Leo III suggested that it was derived from contact with the Muslims. It may have originated out of the Arianism* from which Spain had been converted at the Third