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Adam

Bibliography: J. de Fraine, Adam and the Family of Man, 1965; and E. K. V. Pearce, Who Was Adam? 1969.——PT ADAM (Heb. ’ādhām, red). A city near Zarethan (Josh.3.16), seventeen miles (twenty-eight km.) north of Jericho. At this spot the waters of the [[Jordan River]] were stopped to create a dry pathway for Israel to enter Canaan. Now identified with Tell ed-Damiyeh. ADAM ăd’ əm (אָדָם, H132, meaning uncertain, the main suggestions connect it with [1] the noun ground [ אֲדָמָה, H141]; [2] the verb to be red. The first of these is prob. dependent etymologically on the second, but is clearly indicated Biblically by the juxtaposition of man and ground [Gen 2:7]. “Mankind; the proper name of the first created man, the antitype of [[Jesus Christ]]; occasionally man in contrast to woman” [e.g. Gen 2:22]). In the OT. Common and proper noun. Adam occurs approximately 500 times with the meaning of mankind. In the opening chs. of Genesis, with three exceptions (1:26; 2:5, 20) it has the