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Abyss

In classical Greek abyssos was an adjective meaning “bottomless,” applied to the primeval deep of ancient cosmogonies, an ocean surrounding and under the earth. In the LXX it translates Hebrew tehôm, meaning the primal waters of Gen.1.2; once the world of the dead (Ps.71.20). In later Judaism it means also the interior depths of the earth and the prison of evil spirits. The use of abyss in Rom.10.7 is parallel with the use of “the lower, earthly regions” in Eph.4.9 (see Ps.106.28); both contrast the highest heaven and the lowest depth. In Luke.8.31 the demons had a great dread of the primal abyss; even so, they may have caused themselves to go there when the pigs were drowned in the sea. In Revelation the horror of infinite deeps is intensified.——ER Classical writers used the word to describe things so deep or great as to be without measure, such as pools, fountains, and wealth. It occurs frequently in the LXX, usually translating the Heb. תְּהוֹם, H9333, to signify the great oc