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The Qur'an and the Five Pillars

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Lesson

The Muslims believe that the Qur'an is a divine revelation from God given directly to Muhammed beginning in about 610 a.d. The Five Pillars of the Islamic religion are the confession of faith, ritual prayer, almsgiving, fasting and pilgrimage.

Outline

The Qur'an and the Five Pillars of Islam

I. The Qur'an

A. Background

B. Arrangement of the Surahs

C. Abrogation

D. The First Surah

E. The People of the Book

II. The Five Pillars

A. Confession of Faith (Shahada)

1. Allah's sovereignty and unrivaled providence

2. Muhammad as the final "seal" of the prophets

B. Ritual Prayer (Salat)

1. Call to Prayer (Adhan) by the Muezzin

2. Four Aspects of Salat

a. Ablution

b. Direction (qiblah)

c. Movements (rak'ah)

d. Times

C. Almsgiving (Zakat)

1. Minister to the poor

2. Support Islamic missions

D. Fasting (Sawm)

1. Ninth month of Ramadan

2. Feast of 'id al Fitr (Breaking of the Fast)

E. Pilgrimage (Hajj)

1. Time of the Hajj

2. First Day

a. Ihram (consecration)

b. Tawaf (circumambulation of Ka'ba)

c. Saai (hastening between Safa and Marwa)

d. Plains of Arafat

3. Second Day - Mina - throwing stones at the Devil

4. Third Day - "Rebirth"

 

For more on The Qur'an and the Five Pillars of Islam, go to the following lectures in the "Introduction to Islam" class:

Lecture #4 - The Qur'anic Worldview, Part 1 and Part 2

Lecture #5 - Central Articles, Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3