Understanding Worship - Lesson 10

Style and Format

Finally, we end with some thoughts about the format and style of worship. How do we organize worship and arrange worship.

Gary Parrett
Understanding Worship
Lesson 10
Watching Now
Style and Format


III. Issues of style and format

A. God is more concerned with substance than style.

B. We should appreciate the strengths of various styles.

C. Format based on the design of the temple and tabernacle

D. Format based on Isaiah 6:1-8

  • Dr. Parrett discusses the ministry of worship in the local church context, looking at critical issues about the biblical understanding of worship, and also its practice in the contemporary Christian context. In this lesson he takes on two common misconceptions about worship, and then looks at key biblical terms that describe worship. Dr. Parrett also offers an initial definition for worship.

  • With the misconceptions and basic terms as background, Dr. Parrett turns to a number of key biblical principles concerning the practice of worship. The first principle is that all worship involves these two things in a dynamic relationship, revelation and response.

  • Worship is something we do both individual and in community, in both habitual and intentional actions. Habitual, lifestyle worship is more important than our intentional actions of worship in religious settings. Individual worship and congregational worship should inform and strengthen one another.

  • When we gather together for worship, our worship requires participation. Worship requires participation; it is not a spectator sport. This is true about all worship, but Dr. Parrett’s particular focus now and in the rest of this discussion is going to be on our worship as a community when we gather together.

  • Principle 6 is that worship requires or involves participation of our entire being. Not just part of my being responds, but all of my being responds. Sometimes we reduce our involvement as worshipers to one part of our being. Principle 7 says the substance of our worship is more important than the style or form of our worship. There are numerous and various styles of worship, but God looks first to the heart of the worshipper.

  • Principle 8 is another application of Paul’s language to the Corinthians “when you come together.” When we come together as a community for worship, we are participating in something much larger than ourselves.

  • In the last three principles (9 – 11), Dr. Parrett challenges us that when we worship as a community, our concerns for individual freedom must be balanced with the need to consider and prefer others first. Worship is first and foremost about God and for God. He is also the subject and object of our worship.

  • In this lesson, we consider a number of key passages that will make a contribution to our understanding of worship. Dr. Parrett gives just a brief summary of these passages and then looks at implications for designing and leading worship experiences in the church in the next lesson.

  • Dr. Parrett now turns to give a few thoughts about implications from these principles we have been identifying and some of these key texts, implications for those of us who design and lead the public worship or the congregational or corporate worship of the churches.

  • Finally, we end with some thoughts about the format and style of worship. How do we organize worship and arrange worship.

These days much of the church is embroiled in the "Worship Wars." Hymns or choruses? Loud or soft? Dancing or sitting still? Perpetual music or periods of silence? The War will never be settled as long as it is about personal musical tastes. Dr. Gary Parrett shows us that worship is the process of God's revelation and our appropriate, faithful response. We invite you to listen to this series of lessons to learn more about what worship truly is and how we might implement his practical suggestions in our own churches.

If you want to learn more about worship, watch the Institute class Worship.

We strongly recommend that you attend this seminar in conjunction with the Worship Pastors and their Teams seminar by Carl Cartee. Gary will give you the theoretical basis for worship, and Carl will give the practical applications.

Finally, some thoughts about the format or style of worship. How do we organize worship or arrange worship? Just some final thoughts here as we wrap up. 

God is more concerned with substance than style.

First, as to issues of style, I think it is best to understand again that God is more concerned with substance than style and that our styles are always to some extent the products of cultural influences and personal preferences and prejudices. I would find it very difficult to argue that there is a single style which is correct, whether traditional or contemporary or mystical or liturgical. All of our styles of worship must be submitted to the test of substance. Is God plainly revealed through the elements of worship and are the people assisted in response to Him? 

We should appreciate the strengths of various styles.

So then, rather than assuming that any one style of worship is the right one, we would do well to try to appreciate the various strengths of each particular style and to guard ourselves against becoming overly critical when we are in a setting that features a style that may be unfamiliar to us. 

I remember a young man who went away from the youth group I served years ago. He went away to be with his family at their summer home. He came back after a couple of months away and told me he had been attending this little church in the summertime in New England. It was mostly older people. And I said, “How was it?” This 16-year-old boy said, “They just don’t know how to worship God there.” 

Well, it was a sad moment for me. I thought, where does a 16-year-old get off in determining who knows how to worship God and who does not. Then I remembered my own experience of having to learn this lesson, and relearn this lesson, many times. God, guard us, please, against becoming overly critical. 

In fact, if we are wasting our time being in a worship service primarily being critical while we are there, we are not likely being engaged in worship as we ought to be. I am intrigued by this little verse in Luke 4:16, at this point, where we read that Jesus is in Nazareth and it says, “On the Sabbath he went into the synagogue as was his custom.” 

I was intrigued by the fact that, here is Jesus growing up as a faithful member of the Jewish community, week after week, Sabbath after Sabbath, attending those synagogue services and wondering how much of His time and energy was devoted to simply sitting in the back being critical and how much of His attention may have instead been on listening to the word of the Torah and the Scriptures as they were read, praying the prayers that have been prayed for centuries. If we are primarily critics, we are not primarily worshipers when we gather together. 

Format based on the design of the temple and tabernacle

Finally, as to issues of format, some argue that the design of the tabernacle and the temple can suggest to us a design for arranging our worship services. We gather in the outer courts, we enter His courts with praise, we move near the holy place through cleansing, confession, offerings, and finally we move into the holy place in the holy of holies through the blood of Jesus. 

Some try to design a worship service with that pattern. That may have some merit to it but it may be problematic also, especially in light of the truths expressed in Hebrews 9 and 10. Any model of worship that tries to re-erect the walls that have been torn down, I think, is a little bit problematic. But I think there can be some wisdom for us in the tabernacle arrangement as we think about worship format. 

Format based on Isaiah 6:1-8

Another possible model that I think has merit is to return to Isaiah 6, where we were so much earlier in our talk. Isaiah 6: 1-8, with that pattern of revelation and response. Do you remember that pattern we saw there? 

First, a revelation of the holiness of God followed by a confession of sin, then a revelation of the redemptive action of God followed by a humble and thankful reception of His mercy, then a declaration of the ongoing work and will of God followed by a response, “Here am I, send me.” Maybe there is something there of a possible appropriate outline for our worship services. 

We gather together and with praise we are reminded of the awe and goodness and greatness and holiness and fullness of the character of God. Then, in light of His goodness and holiness and awe, we are reminded of our sinfulness. We confess it. We are then reminded of the gospel and what was done for us in Jesus. Symbol, sacramental action in word. Then we are reminded of the power of the ongoing work of God’s ministry of reconciliation in a broken world. We hear the word proclaimed and we respond by offering our bodies afresh once again as living sacrifices, holy and acceptable. Then we are sent out with the prayer of blessing and a word of commissioning, something to think about at least. 

In any case, I think it is critical that our worship be God-focused and that it include elements of revelation and response that are biblically informed and biblically faithful as we grow in our understanding of those things. 


Final word as we dismiss. God is indeed seeking worshipers who will worship Him in Spirit and in truth. Somehow we need to balance those concerns for ourselves and for others. Worship that is spiritual, I think, includes the fact that it is directed and empowered by the Holy Spirit. It includes the fact that it is a 24/7 vocation of the believer, includes the fact that it is worship with the totality of our being, and worship that is according to truth. 

Truth needs to fill our worship experiences both corporately and individually, our intentional actions of worship and our ongoing habitual lifestyle of worship. We need to be lovers of the truth. It is impossible to be a good worshiper and be apathetic about the truth that God has revealed about Himself. Where there is not attention to clarity of revelation, there cannot be appropriateness of response. So God help us toward these ends. 

Father, we do pray that You would help us to take our worship very seriously and to grow in our knowledge of who you are by being attentive listeners to what You have revealed in the Scriptures and in Your Son Jesus. Help us to be ever more faithfully responding to what has been revealed to us. Help us, Father, to learn and grow in these areas in an attitude of humility toward others. Help us to think not only of our own needs, but of the needs of others. We pray all these things for the sake of Your body the church and for the glory of God. In Jesus name, Amen.


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